Freedom From Dogmatism. IMPLICIT DOGMAS


Among the dogmas explicit and implicit ones can be identified. I call explicit dogmas those that are fully realized by their carrier: he can easily formulate their meaning, tells about them to other people, etc. Usually, when people talk about dogmatism, they mean explicit dogmas.

However, there is another class of dogmas – the class of “implicit dogmas” that is often even more extensive than the first one. A characteristic feature of the implicit dogmas is that a person does not realize that he shares them, does not formulate them, or expresses them aloud, yet these dogmas still have a tremendous influence on his perceptions and his motives by choosing those or other actions.

If you ask a person whether it is possible to stop experiencing NE, he will certainly say “no” but that does not mean that he has ever thought about it, examined someone’s arguments or evidence, tried to make efforts and got his experience in this area. Such thoughts simply did not occur to him and before he was asked this question, he did not know at all he would answer in this way. He did not know that he had such a conviction and the corresponding assurance. And if he was offered to enumerate his ideas about the world in an explicit form, then this dogma about the impossibility of stopping experiencing NE would not even appear on his list.

Any dogma is a verbal expression of a certain “blind assurance”. Usually this verbal expression carries the character of a completed thought: “to cheat on the husband is bad”, “to upset the mother not obeying to her is bad”. The implicit dogma is also an expression of blind assurance but for various reasons this does not have the nature of a clearly formulated thought, point of view but manifests in the form of jerky, incoherent scraps of thoughts.

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